Additional configuration file for the Apache server, placed in the directory to which the settings from this file are applied.
The .htaccess file is used ubiquitously and for various purposes, since the range of available settings is quite extensive. We will analyze its popular settings in the website development sphere, it’s basically:
- redirects – perhaps one of the most popular settings of this file, which is prescribed in the SEO optimization process;
- caching is the second, but not less important setting that allows you to specify the file cache lifetime for the browser;
- restrict access – allows you to block access to a folder or file on the server;
- redefining the main page – by default, one of the index.php or index.html files is executed in each folder – you can change this using the file.